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Canary Islands Flora


The uniqueness of Canary Islands Flora

When we speak of the richness of the flora in the Canary Islands, a comparison with the equivalent of the fauna to the Galapagos Islands is far fetched.

In fact, in the archipelago of seven islands from the delicate ecosystem, there is a rich variety of different species.

In the territory of the Canaries, the plant species are very numerous, as well amounted to nearly two thousand species of plants and of these, almost a third (28%) are native plants.

In this corner of the Atlantic still survive many plant species disappeared elsewhere from very long time and therefore this region of Macaronesia can be rightly chosen as the paradise of biodiversity and certainly one of the most unique settings in the world.

Canary Islands Flora includes the beautiful Laurisilva Forest canaria

Laurisilva Forest canaria

Laurisilva Forest canaria

Think of the fauna of the Canary Islands has never regardless of its territory and instinctive references to the profile of these volcanic islands, where the beaches alternate with hills and mountainous, deep overhangs (ravines) or coastal overlooking the sea (eg Agaete to Gran Canaria or Tenerife Los Gigantes), but also lava fields (eg Los Azulejos on Pico del Teide) or fertile valleys (eg La Orotava).

In this context in which to host a variety floral territories are very different, just think of the obvious differences between the eastern islands (Fuerteventura and Lanzarote ), with those of the West (La Gomera, El Hierro and La Palma), with the islands “synthesis” (Tenerife and Gran Canaria, a mix of the first), the existing vegetation can be restarted on various bands that are basically represented according to different altitudes, as well as the corresponding distinct climatic zones.

The first of these consists of the coastal strip, including the kinds of plants well-adapted to temperate climates with low rainfall, with a narrow temperature range between day and night: the characteristics of this group are the plant of Aloe Vera and that of Tabaiba.

The second of these is made up of the intermediate zone, characterized by the presence of various shrubby plants of the Palm Dragon also ede or Dracaena Draco (typically subtropical shrub that can reach up to 20m in height), with trunk dark gray and divided into branches with rosettes of glaucous green, forming a canopy like an umbrella.

The third is the high-end, which is located around 1000m, with a more luxuriant vegetation, whose best example is the laurel forest (eg Garajonay National Park in La Gomera), with a strong prevalence of plants and lime many plant undergrowth.

A fourth band is represented by forests of pine Canario, visible for example in Gran Canaria (for example, going up to Nublo, or in Tenerife, for example, going from Puerto de la Cruz to the Teide) and to end a further band represented by the typical vegetation of the highest percentages that go above 2000m and is characterized mainly by shrubs and plants typical of rocky contexts.

In addition to native plants, favorable climate has meant that plants introduced by man were well accepted and successfully transplanted, it is the case for example of the screw (also with production of fine wines, see for example those of Gran Canaria and El Hierro), but think also in plants, tropical crops such as bananas Canary Islands, which in some contexts islanders have taken root successfully (Bananitos or platanos).

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